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  1. Republican Bryan Steil Wins Paul Ryan's Wisconsin Congressional Seat
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Republican Bryan Steil Wins Paul Ryan's Wisconsin Congressional Seat

However, considering the cost of defense to the national economy—close to 4 percent of GDP, including contingency operations—Miller believes the United States can afford it as long as policymakers spend taxpayer dollars wisely and focus on the great power competition articulated in the latest National Defense Strategy document.

Miller replied that he could tolerate that figure while cautioning that if the United States is to have a strategy-driven budget, the Department of Defense must emphasize the capabilities that support that strategy. Rose cautioned that in the upcoming Congress, there will be a fair amount of friction between House Democrats and the Trump administration on strategic matters. Rose concluded that if New START is not extended with Russia before it expires in , the Trump administration will have a very difficult time maintaining any bipartisan momentum for strategic modernization.

However, because Trump made it a partisan issue—announcing it at a campaign rally, for instance—he will find it difficult to persuade Democrats in the new Congress to fund it. Finally, on missile defense, Rose said that despite the problem of Russian and Chinese strategic missile capabilities, there is unlikely to be much support for space-based missile defenses among incoming Democratic House majority.

Order from Chaos. A how-to guide for managing the end of the post-Cold War era. Author A. Related Books.

Arts Advocacy Day 2009 Congressional Hearing: Wynton Marsalis

Order from Chaos A how-to guide for managing the end of the post-Cold War era. Related Topics th U. Framing is important when determining the timing for your campaign because if your issue is being framed in a way that hurts your campaign, you will need to include additional time for reframing the message to the public, policymakers, and others. Timing for press stories, media, and other outreach is key to reaching the largest audience possible. While you may regularly update your social media accounts and blog posts, you may also find that when your particular issue is no longer in the media spotlight, you may need timing hooks, such as holidays and elections, to push press stories.

Their reports could help generate interest early on for the FCC notice of inquiry issue. Navigating the FCC. Each time Congress enacts a law affecting telecommunications, an independent federal agency known as the Federal Communications Commission FCC , develops rules to implement the law. The FCC can also create rules to govern communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable in the U.

The FCC is lead by five commissioners, three of which are of the same political party, including a Chairperson. The organization of the agency is divided into various bureaus and offices overseeing different policy areas. This process can lead to new rules or amendments and repeals to existing rules.

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There are many opportunities throughout the rulemaking process for the public to weigh in. These include submitting letters, filing comments and meeting with commissioner offices. When the Commission proposes new rules, a period of time is established for the public to comment on the proposed rules. Anyone can file comments. When the Commission publishes proposed rules, it will clearly detail the specific deadlines and instructions for filing comments and reply comments. Comments are just that. In your comments, you tell the Commission what you think about the topic and why you support or oppose the proposals.

After initial comments are filed, there is an additional period for responding to the first set of comments.

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During this second phase, you can file reply comments. In your reply comments you can review what others have said in their initial comments and support or disagree with them. Typically, a comment period offers the public an opportunity to be heard and share their opinion on a proposed policy. During the public comment period, all interested stakeholders may read the proposal put forth by the Commission and submit comments. While many stakeholders, like industry companies or public interest groups, are likely to file very lengthy, formal-looking comments, many individual members of the public file shorter, much less formal comments that give the FCC their real-world perspective.

These are crucial to the process because it gives the FCC a way to hear straight from the consumers. Often individuals will learn about an issue in the media and be inspired to comment, as happened with the Open Internet proceeding in Go to fcc. In the upper mid-right hand area, click the bar that says:.

Republican Bryan Steil Wins Paul Ryan's Wisconsin Congressional Seat | WUWM

Click the number of the proceeding you wish to comment on. This enables you to type in or copy and paste a brief set of comments right into a text box. Be sure to include all relevant information in the boxes as indicated, like your name and address. Alternatively, should you wish to submit a PDF often advisable for longer comments as larger files, those more resembling formal legal filings, etc.

This will bring up a more complicated looking submission page, broken into these sections:. Proceeding: You will need to re-enter the number of the proceeding in the indicated box, as fill in any other asterisked boxes. Details: The details section may look daunting. The exception is if you are submitting an ex parte notice - required if you have had a meeting with an employee of the Commission.

Address: Remember, what you put in these boxes along with everything else you submit will be publicly available after you submit. Documents: The last step is to attach your comment. Click Choose File button in the bottom left and select your chosen file. Then hit Continue, where you will confirm that the information you are submitting is what you want to submit, and then confirm.

The system will give you a confirmation number, which can be useful to write down and keep on hand in case there is a problem with your submission.

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NOTE: your comment is unlikely to appear immediately. Take special care on the dates. The full text search will still let you search by the criteria mentioned above, but also has a box to search for a particular word or phrase in the filings. Then, as all research goes, you may just have to play around with the search tool to find what you want. Do you want all comments ever filed on docket by Public Knowledge? Make sure the dates go back to And so forth.

Exactly what do these letters mean? Notice of Inquiry NOI : The Commission releases an NOI for the purpose of gathering information about a broad subject or as a means of generating ideas on a specific issue. NOIs are initiated either by the Commission or an outside request. The public may comment on any part, but the agency will usually include specific questions on which it wants public comment or data. Public Docket : The rulemaking docket is the electronic file in which the Commission places all of the rulemaking documents.

The Federal Register summary will tell you when a rule change will become effective. FCC Leadership. Senate for five-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The president designates one of the commissioners to serve as chairman. Only three commissioners may be members of the same political party, and none can have a financial interest in any commission-related business. Learn about the current commissioners here. Public Knowledge promotes freedom of expression, an open internet, and access to affordable communications tools and creative works.

We work to shape policy on behalf of the public interest. Building the Skills for Advocacy What skills are needed to be an effective public interest advocate? Ability to think quickly and devise legislative and political strategies to attain a projected outcome Strong understanding of marketplace trends and the political process, including regulatory and congressional procedures Substantive knowledge of and the ability to juggle multiple issues An ability to work with individuals, groups and organizations across the political spectrum and seek their input and cooperation ability to be a team player Excellent communications skills, including the ability to translate complex ideas into understandable written and oral statements, messages to persuade, impact, and inform others, including the public opinion leaders and the media An ability to conduct research and analyze data Measuring Success Specific legislative and regulatory progress or victories amendments and bills moved, testimony provided and filings offered or measurable marketplace change clearly demonstrate success.

When doing any strategic planning for public interest, one of the first steps should always be developing a goal or set of SMART goals, that is to say they are: Specific: A goal should be specific enough so that you can properly focus your resources and increase the chances of your goal being reached. Measurable: Can you develop indicators or specific criteria that allow you to measure the progress made towards the goal s?

Attainable: Can the goal s be attained using the resources you have or that are available to you? Time-bound: In most forms of advocacy, goals should have specific deadlines or a target date of completion, however in Washington, some of your goals may have time frames of decades. Maximizing Your Impact with Congress and Other Policy Makers Congressional hearings, court proceedings, panels, and other speaking opportunities are all great ways for advocates to increase awareness on their issue, increase understanding of the issue, build relationships with important players, and help improve visibility of you or your organization as topic experts.

When you are invited to speak at or attend a hearing, proceeding, or panel, here are some tips to keep in mind to help you get the most out of your advocacy experience: Know your audience. Strategies for Argumentation. Your ability to clearly and maturely argue your point in congressional hearings, panels, and one-on-one meetings with legislators, media, and the public is essential to being an effective public interest advocate: Think through your argument: It is crucial to anticipate all the ways in which your opposition could rebut, and how you can then counter their points.

Predict what data they will use to refute your argument, and have readily available information that can be presented in a way that reinforces the points they are trying to diminish.

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Give your argument context: This can be done through a historical perspective, as well as a modern day media lense. Judges, public interest advocates, and other people in the field are responsible for keeping up to date on current issues, so strengthen your credibility by drawing parallels to historical similarities as well as current examples. This will show your well rounded understanding of the issue, as well as a thoroughly researched foundation of knowledge.

Emphasize efficiency: The most effective arguments are the ones that demonstrate how the implementation of your position will make the project or industry run more efficiently. Your opposition and critics will find it difficult to rebut well thought out, logical economics. If the efficiency argument does not convince them, then it is appropriate to support with other policy arguments. Make the numbers work for you: Do not be afraid to use the numbers to your advantage and to create the most compelling arguments.

However, in doing so, be sure to stay true to the integrity of the data provided. Anticipate how your use of data will be challenged and only use it if you can counter that attack. Make it relatable: Use an analogy to get the conversation going to produce thought provoking statements, in turn making your point easily retainable. Directly refute using your opponent's argument: The best platform for making your case is countering the logic and conclusion of your opponents. When done effectively, direct rebuttal can give you an upper hand. Discredit them with their own materials and expertise.

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  4. Communicate complex ideas in simple terms: Knowing the information and being able to convey it in a comprehensible way are two different tasks. If an expert or specialist in a field uses certain terminology, repeat that term as well in your subsequent argument, to turn their credibility as an expert towards your argument. Use personal stories: Use personalized arguments and examples to deny opponents the ability to make an issue cold or removed. Here are some key tips to know if you or your organization decides to engage in lobbying: Grassroots Lobbying vs.

    Direct Lobbying Direct lobbying is the act of trying to influence a legislation through direct contact and communication with legislators, their staff, and others who influence the creation of legislation. Researching which Offices to Meet with is Half the Battle As an advocate, you can be most effective when you meeting with the Member of Congress who represents the area where you live or where your organization is located. Flexibility is Key Be flexible with the dates and times you suggest when submitting a meeting request.

    Recruit Other People from Your Community to Join You There is strength in numbers, and the size of a group can highlight how many people an in area care deeply about an issue. Prepare and Rehearse Before the meeting, outline and rehearse what you and your team plan to say. And Gather Intelligence.

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    Bring Materials Be sure to bring materials relevant to the issue that you can leave with the office. Follow Up After the meeting, follow up with a thank you note and any additional information that the office may have requested. Other Tips As you practice one-on-one advocacy, there are more complex tools you can use.

    After deciding which story you want to tell, think of the helpful facts and analysis that support your position; this can include background information, helpful statistics or figures, argumentations, and stories from your constituency. Know your audience Including information that is specific to the office you are meeting with can help you stand out like highlighting how many people in the state or district will be affected If the meeting is about a specific problem, be sure to include what solution or what specific action you believe a policy maker should take.

    If you are representing a large group or organization, or if you are working with limited resources, it is important to create something that many people can use so that you are sharing a common message. Be credible Make sure all your arguments are backed up with facts, that your facts are well-established, and that any claims you make about your opposition are truthful. Use your peers for feedback. The best way to know if you have created something that is interesting and helpful is to have an extra pair of eyes review it. Try sharing it with someone who is unfamiliar with the issue to gather some feedback.

    Double check for spelling and typo errors. A document filled with errors is distracting and affects how others perceive your organization and mission. Is the font size and style easy to read? It is always best to choose something generic that will not distract from your message. Make sure the person you are sharing this resource with knows how to connect with you 7. Communication and Outreach Tips Interviews Interviews are a great opportunity to get your brand position in front of the public.

    Blog Posts vs. Op-Eds It is important to note the difference between blog posts and op-eds in order to determine which communication method will be most effective and when in your marketing timeline. Timing Timing for press stories, media, and other outreach is key to reaching the largest audience possible. Be judicious about the use of blogs and the press: While it is helpful for an advocate to build their profile, it is important to speak out the most when doing so will directly or indirectly help you reach your advocacy goals.

    Think about what impact a strong critique could have on your relationships with industry or government officials you work closely with. Some relationships, such as with chairpersons of congressional committees, may not be able to bounce back from such criticism, so be sure to consider the pros and cons. When working in coalitions, divide expertise and share press opportunities for public outreach and to enhance strategic cooperation.